Eusebius Caesariensis


Born around 265, Eusebius was a pupil of Pamphilus, himself a disciple of Origen. With Pamphilus, he wrote an Apology for Origen. He fled from the persecutions of Diocletian to the Egyptian desert of Thebaid. Around 313, he became Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine. At the Council of Nicaea, like many in the East, he distrusted the word homoousios. He condemned Arius, but remained in favour of fairly subordinationist expressions of the faith. In Tyre, he subscribed to Athanasius' deposition. Particularly fascinated by Constantine, the Christian Emperor whom he had met in Nicaea, he contributed to the development of the relationship between Church and state within the framework of an empire whose sovereign is favorable to Christianity. He is seen as the first theorist of Byzantine "caesaropapism". A great scholar, having at his disposal the library of Caesarea inherited from Origen, he is the author of many historical, apologetic, exegetical, and dogmatic works. He died most probably in 340.


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  • [JB] Ge
  • [JB] Ge 1
  • [JB] Ge 1:1
  • [JB] Ge 1:1-2
  • [JB] Ge 1:2

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Eusebius Caesariensis (?) (260 ? - 340 ?)
Eusebius Caesariensis (Ps.) (300 ? - 500 ?)

Parmi les spuria d'Eusèbe de Césarée figure un texte Sur l'étoile des mages, transmis en syriaque.