John Chrysostom, or "John Golden-Mouthed," was born around 350 in Antioch. Once baptized, he met Diodorus, future bishop of Tarsus. Being close to Meletius, the Bishop of Antioch, he was probably appointed a lector in 371, and then, according to the tradition, retired to the surrounding mountains for four years, with an old Syrian monk as his master. He then spent two years alone in a cave, with reading and memorizing the Scriptures as his main occupation. His failing health apparently forced him to return to Antioch, where he was made a deacon by Meletius in 381, and then a priest by Flavian, Meletius’ successor, in 386. He became Bishop of Constantinople in early 398 and was subjected to the hostility of Empress Eudoxia and Theophilus of Alexandria. Following the Synod of the Oak in 403, he was sent into exile, was recalled and then banished for ever, first to Cucuse in Armenia for 3 years. Exhausted, he died on 14 September 407 on the road to Comana, in Pontus.